Russian icon of the Apostle Saint James, XIX century, height – 53 cm.

St. James was the son of Joseph the Betrothed from his first wife and therefore in the Gospel is called the brother of the Lord. According to legend, our Lord Jesus Christ appeared to him after his resurrection and appointed him bishop of the Jerusalem church. The apostle James did not travel to preach in different countries, like the other apostles, but he taught and ministered in Jerusalem. While serving as the Bishop of Jerusalem for about 30 years, he extended and established the holy faith in Jerusalem and throughout Palestine. Church tradition attributes the composition of the oldest rite of the Divine Liturgy to the Apostle James.